Oral disease | Bacteria of the mouth

Oral disease

Oral disease | Bacteria of the mouth | Gum disease , & Bad breath | treatment

Oral diseases are diseases that affect the mouth, oral diseases negatively impact the mouth as well as the rest of the body.

They can affect every aspect of life, including personal relationships, self-confidence, as well as school and work attendance and performance. 

Here we are going to discuss a range of oral diseases that pose a major public health threat worldwide if it is left untreated.

What are the Bacteria in the Mouth?

In the mouth of the average person, there are about a billion bacteria. If you don't try to keep your teeth clean by brushing and brushing your teeth or using mouthwashes, the number of bacteria in your mouth will increase. Scientists have discovered more than 700 different types of bacteria in a person's mouth. 

It is estimated that there is about 100 million bacteria in saliva. In fact, the oral cavity has all the conditions that aid the growth of bacteria, however, many bacteria present in the mouth have no effect against the person.

Saliva enzymes attack a large part of it, while some bacteria along the digestive system where it is destroyed in a short time, and some groups of bacteria in the mouth survives and ends up remaining in the oral cavity. 

When this happens, it could cause problems like tooth decay or other diseases. The mouth consists of many surfaces and different tissues, each hosting numerous types of bacteria. 

Some bacteria in the mouth are developing diseases such as tooth decay and gingivitis (inflammation of gums). Both are risk factors for the development of other more serious diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Oral health is the key preventive factor for preventing those oral diseases.

Gum Diseases

The bacteria passes through the saliva into the gums, causing gum disease. Gum disease usually develops if the teeth and gums are not healthy or suffer from a specific pathological problem. If you have a healthy mouth and tend to kiss a person who has gum infections, you are exposing yourselves to the risk of infection.

How Can You Protect a Toothbrush from Harmful Bacteria?

We recommend cleaning your toothbrush with water after use and leaving it to dry outdoors and not keeping it in a closed container because it creates an ideal wet environment for bacteria to multiply. 
Using a microwave or utensil dryer to dry the toothbrush may damage it.

Oral health experts also recommend these guidelines for other dental treatments such as dental bridges, wires and more.

The toothbrush should be replaced every 3-4 months, or earlier if the fibers have become brittle, bent or worn out.

The cause of bad breath may be because of poor oral hygiene, oral diseases, bacteria or bacterial infection, or because of eating some "aromatic" foods such as garlic. Mouthwashes kill bacteria that cause bad breath and keeps gums healthy and maintaining a good oral hygiene.

The Fact about Bacteria inside the Mouth

While some bacteria are harmful to our teeth and gums, other bacteria are necessary to maintain oral health. In fact, there are beneficial organisms in our mouth that secrete substances that kill harmful bacteria

The Factors that Help Oral Bacteria to Grow Are: 

  1. Availability of food on the surface of the tongue, teeth, or between the teeth 
  2. Temperature 
  3. Oxygen concentration 
  4. Exposure to immune factors 
  5. Sugar consumption 
  6. Bacteria predominate inside the mouth, both positive and negative, aerobic and anaerobic

What Will Happen if You Don’t Brush Your Teeth Regularly?

v Bad breath
v Teeth loss
v Oral diseases, such as gingivitis or periodontitis
v Changes in the formation of bacteria in the saliva
v Oral tumors and cancer

Treating Mouth Fungus Simply and Easily

Many people develop oral fungi, especially children and the elderly, so we offer you this article to explain more about the treatment of oral fungi.

Oral Fungicide Treatment
Mouth fungus is considered one of the most troublesome health problems, and it affects children and adults. It produces great pain, especially when they eat and drink.

What is the treatment for mouth fungi? Can it be treated at home?
First, the mouth fungi occur as a result of the presence of fungi that cause the appearance of white spots in the oral cavity to the surface of the tongue, and it affects the elderly, infants and anyone of all ages. 

Oral fungus treatments in infants 
It is normal for children to develop oral fungi, especially infants, and if this happens with your child, you must do the following steps:

Clean bottle nipples from all directions well and regularly
Gently massage the child's oral cavity using a clean, damp piece of fabric, preferably if you put a little mouthwash on it, then massage your baby's mouth. If you are breastfeeding, you should dry your nipples well after breastfeeding. Consult a doctor if the problem and pain worsen. 

Treating mouth fungi in children and adults 

Here are the most important steps that help children and adults treat oral fungi:
  • Drink cold fluids or eat frozen juices. 
  • Eating food is easy to swallow like custard. 
  • Mouth rinse multiple times with lukewarm saltwater, and you can prepare the solution by mixing 5 grams of salt with 250 ml of lukewarm water.
Here are some easy and simple home recipes that will help you in treating oral fungus, while stressing that these recipes do not have to be on children, or as effective as oral antifungals.

The Salt
It is one of the best recipes for treating mouth fungi, as it kills the environment in which the fungus grows and also relieves you of the symptoms of mouth fungus quickly.

Mix half a tablespoon of salt in a glass of lukewarm water and use it for gargling several times a day.
Place a little salt in your mouth cavity and on your tongue, and gently rub it over where the white spots are for a few seconds, then get rid of it and rinse with lukewarm water. Use this recipe twice a day for a few days.
It contains microorganisms called probiotics that helps treat fungi and improves digestion. For the treatment of mouth fungi, use unsweetened yogurt.

Eat two to three cups of yogurt daily for several weeks
You can massage the oral cavity and tongue with your finger with yogurt and leave it for 5-0 minutes, then get rid of it and rinse with warm water. Do this recipe once or twice daily for several days.
Coconut Oil
Coconut oil helps to fight fungi and relieve symptoms from it, and you can use it to treat mouth fungi by: 
  • Use a cotton swab to apply coconut oil directly into the oral cavity and tongue, do this several times during the day and for a week. 
  • Rinse the rinse with coconut oil every morning, then wash your mouth with warm water and brush your teeth as usual.

Home-made Remedy for Fungi

  • The antifungal properties of cinnamon make it easy to fight and get rid of.
  • Drink a cup or two of cinnamon daily and you can add some fresh lemon juice.
  • Mix a few drops of cinnamon oil with a teaspoon of olive oil, apply the oral cavity with this mixture and leave it for 10-15 minutes before rinsing it off.

Note: Pregnant women should avoid using cinnamon, high amounts of cinnamon may affect your blood sugar.


  • It helps to kill fungi in the oral cavity, and it also boosts the immune system.
  • Apply a little garlic oil to the affected areas in the oral cavity.
  • You can chew a piece of garlic to treat fungi, but after consulting a doctor.

There are several important tips to maintain the health of teeth, gums, and mouth in general:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice daily: preferably after eating meals by 30 minutes. 
  • Choose a small-headed, soft-brushed brush so that you can reach the back teeth and be gentle on the gums.
  • Use a fluoride-rich toothpaste: it preserves tooth enamel and reduces the risk of caries.
  • Clean your teeth well: cleaning the teeth should take between two and three minutes at a time.
  • Rinsing the mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash once to twice daily.
  • Floss with your teeth daily: Slowly sheet so as not to injure your gums.
  • Change your toothbrush periodically: every three to four months or if its bristles are damaged before.
  • Chew sugar-free frankincense after meals as it helps get rid of leftovers and harmful bacteria in the mouth.
  • Reduce acidic drinks, such as carbonated water and juices: They weaken enamel and dissolve the minerals inside, and lead to tooth decay.
  • Reduce the intake of sugars: bacteria in the teeth convert sugars into acids.
  • Protect your teeth from injuries: by wearing a dental or face shield while exercising.
  • Use only your teeth to chew food: do not use them to open bottles or other stuck things, in order to avoid the risk of accidentally breaking them.
  • Quickly visit your dentist if you feel pain in your teeth or notice bleeding in your gums: to treat them and avoid any subsequent health complications and be sure to check your teeth periodically.
  • Do not smoke: it greatly increases your risk of gum disease and oral cancer.

Tips for Optimal Use of Mouthwashes

* Use a good mouth rinse regularly: its effect extends beyond perfuming the mouth and preserving its smell, as it plays an important role in reducing the growth of bacteria that form in the mouth and helps prevent cavities. 

* After consulting your dentist or pharmacist about the most appropriate mouthwash for you, be sure to: rinse once or twice daily, and if appropriate for your teeth, use fluoride mouthwashes.